The War began in the 1930s.
Paul Langley documents the 'battle' well at his blog http://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/ and his book: P. Langley (2012) Medicine and the Bomb: Deceptions from Trinity to Maralinga. (Aldinga Beach, South Australia: Paul Langley), http://pothi.com/pothi/book/ebook-paul-langley-medicine-and-bomb.
I also address this war in chapter four of my forthcoming book, Fukushima and the Privatization of Risk.
In my opinion, there will be no resolution unless one side wins.
The US EPA just raised radiological protective action guidelines, massively, despite epidemiological findings on dangers of medical x-rays and laboratory research on bystander and delayed effects. Here is the document http://www.epa.gov/radiation/docs/er/pag-manual-interim-public-comment-4-2-2013.pdf
So maybe the physicists are winning.
A recently published 'plant' (my opinion) in Environmental Health Perspectives found no immediate genetic damage on gamma irradiated transgenic mice exposed for 6 weeks. The study blatantly recommended using findings as basis for raising protective action guidelines for nuclear emergencies. http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1104294/
The study’s conclusion was outrageous. How could it possibly use its findings to make recommendations for human exposure guidelines from a range of radioisotopes? The study looked at direct genetic effects from gamma (only) on selectively sampled tissue/organs of transgenic mice killed immediately after weeks of exposure.
See my discussion here: http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2012/04/plant-in-environmental-health.html ; http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2012/05/plant-erupts-into-poison-fruit-dont-be.html
The study’s conclusion utterly lacked ecological validity, yet the editor and external reviewers allowed it to remain in the text unchallenged.
Less than a year later, the EPA raised protective action guidelines for radiological emergencies!
See for background on the new protective action guidelines: Caldicott, Helen (2013) Obama Approves Raising Permissible Levels of Nuclear Radiation in Drinking Water. Civilian Cancer Deaths Expected to Skyrocket', Global Research, http://www.globalresearch.ca/obama-approves-raising-permissible-levels-of-nuclear-radiation-in-drinking-water-civilian-cancer-deaths-expected-to-skyrocket/5331224
I wonder whether the new EPA guidelines reflect actual, current levels on the US west coast from nuclear problems at SONGS and Hanford, plus the heavy ongoing dosage from Fukushima, with massive steam releases daily now. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=drpzTpRjCDY&feature=youtu.be
So, perhaps the physicists/engineers won, taking us all down with their victory.