Thursday, March 11, 2021

FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI ANNIVERSARY

Fukushima Daiichi's ruined units 1 and 2 reactor buildings image taken today:



Fukushima Daiichi is a desecrated landscape that will continue to contaminate the ocean, the groundwater and the atmosphere indefinitely

Below find headlines from 2020 regarding Fukushima and the re-print of an interview from 2015 that encapsulates still today the conditions that prevail, although the figures for specific emissions may have changed.

2020 Headlines

LIVING WITH RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION

Yuka Nakao Apr 10, 2020 Fukushima mothers record radiation for future generations Kyodo https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/04/10/national/social-issues/fukushima-mothers-record-radiation/#.XpS9DM17nqo

Iwaki, Fukushima Pref. – A group of more than 10 mothers set up a citizen-led laboratory to monitor radiation levels in Fukushima communities only months after a massive earthquake and tsunami caused meltdowns at a nuclear power plant in the prefecture nine years ago.Since the foundation of the institute on Nov. 13, 2011, it has been recording and disclosing radiation data on foodstuffs and soil it collected or were brought in by people from different parts of the prefecture, as well as seawater off the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant.

• “If the risks of nuclear power had been thoroughly verified by the previous generations, I think the disaster would not have happened,” Kaori Suzuki, 54, an executive of Mothers’ Radiation Lab Fukushima, based in Iwaki, said in a recent interview. “But since it did occur, what we must do now is record our measurements and changes in the environment so we won’t make the same mistake,” said Suzuki, one of the founding members. “Passing down something that will be useful when major decisions must be made is the only thing we can do.”

ONGOING PROBLEMS AT PLANT

 YU KOTSUBO (March 31, 2020) New problem at Fukushima site; sandbags found to be radioactive. The Asahi Shimbun,http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/13228942

… [sandbags] They are emitting radiation levels of up to 3 to 4 sieverts per hour, which would kill half of the people exposed to the high reading for an entire hour.
Yamaguchi, Mari, Fukushima nuclear plant operator: Seismometers were broken, Associated Press, Feb 22, 2021. Fukushima nuclear plant operator: Seismometers were broken (yahoo.com).

CONTAMINATED WATER FOREVER

South Korea Expresses Concern About New Fukushima Water Release Plan
30 Mar 2020 - 08:15 by Staff - Water Diplomat SEOUL, South Korea
https://www.ooskanews.com/story/2020/03/south-korea-expresses-concern-about-new-fukushima-water-release-plan_179431

NUCLEAR POWER - TOO CHEAP TO METER?

RINTARO SAKURAI (March 31, 2020). TEPCO puts cost to remove melted nuclear fuel at over 1 trillion yen. The Asahi Shimbun http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/13259804

TEPCO admitted that two seismometers at one of its three melted reactors have been out of order since 2020 and did not collect data when a powerful magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck the region on February 13, 2021. The issue of the malfunctioning seismometers surfaced during a Nuclear Regulation Authority meeting on February 21 on damage at the plant resulting from the 2021 quake. AP reports: “Cooling water and pressure levels fell in the Unit 1 and 3 reactors, indicating additional damage to their primary containment chambers.”
GLOBAL FUKUSHIMA EFFECTS?

Begley, Sharon (2021, January 26). ‘But I never smoked’: A growing share of lung cancer cases is turning up in an unexpected population. Statnews. https://www.statnews.com/2021/01/26/growing-share-of-lung-cancer-turning-up-in-never-smokers/comment-page-1/#comment-3070061

“Since the early 2000s, we have seen what I think is truly an epidemiological shift in lung cancer,” said surgeon Andrew Kaufman of Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, whose program for never-smokers has treated some 3,800 patients in 10 years. “If lung cancer in never-smokers were a separate entity, it would be in the top 10 cancers in the U.S.” for both incidence and mortality.

A 2017 study of 12,103 lung cancer patients in three representative U.S. hospitals found that never-smokers were 8% of the total from 1990 to 1995 but 14.9% from 2011 to 2013. The authors ruled out statistical anomalies and concluded that “the actual incidence of lung cancer in never smokers is increasing.” Another study that same year, of 2,170 patients in the U.K., found an even larger increase: The proportion of lung cancer patients who were never-smokers rose from 13% in 2008 to 28% in 2014.

“It is well-documented that approximately 20% of lung cancer cases that occur in women in the U.S. and 9% of cases in men, are diagnosed in never-smokers,” Kaufman said.


Wednesday, March 11, 2015

Fukushima Anniversary Interview


1. How did the Fukushima disaster change Japan as we knew it?
Japanese public has become aware of the severe risks of nuclear power as 230,000 Japanese people are still displaced and others are living in zones contaminated by radionuclides

People in Japan and elsewhere are living in a more contaminated world. Fukushima significantly increased the world’s “background” level of radionuclides: “During the passage of contaminated air masses from Fukushima, airborne 137Cs levels were globally enhanced by 2 to 3 orders of magnitude” (Masson et al., 2011)[i] while the “129I/127I ratio in Fukushima precipitation in March 2011 immediately after the Fukushima accident was more than 3 orders of magnitude higher than the background level of this region page” (Xu et al., 2013, 10851).[ii]

Japanese people are living in radiation-contaminated areas. Japan set its evacuation standard at 20 millisieverts a year while the Soviet Union set their evacuation standard at 5 millisieverts a year, although some people remained within the evacuation zone.

(Chernobyl’s Evacuation Zone was 5 millisieverts a year. Japan has set their evacuation zone at an incredibly high 20 millisieverts per year http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20110610a6.html)

Japan has become a more “closed society” with passage of State Secrets law:
The Mainichi (25, December). As I See It: State secrets law goes into effect, what now? http://mainichi.jp/english/english/perspectives/news/20141225p2a00m0na004000c.html[excerpted] The more one reads the law, the more problems emerge. Twenty-three categories of secrets (55 under the operation guidelines) are named, but it's difficult to draw a clear distinction between secrets and non-secrets. One is left with the impression that information the administration finds inconvenient could be buried. The maximum penalty for leaking secrets is 10 years' imprisonment. Until now under the National Public Service Act, those charged with violating confidentiality requirements faced a maximum penalty of one year in prison, and those charged with leaking defense-related secrets were subject to a maximum of five years in prison, so the penalty has toughened dramatically under the state secrets law. Punishments for those who try to acquire secrets are harsh, too. If authorities determine that one has attempted, conspired to effect, induced or incited information leakages, one can face up to five years in prison.....
Others have raised concern that the state secrets law will reduce nuclear reactor safety. E.g. Okuyama, T., & Sunaoshi, H. (2013, December 17). State secrets law raises concern about safety of nuclear power plants. The Asahi Shimbun. Available http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201312170006


 2. What are the long-term implications of the disaster?

Ongoing contamination of ocean, fresh water, and atmosphere. Newer research has documented that 75 percent of the radiation released by the plant into the atmosphere occurred after March 15 because of ongoing melting of hot fuel in the cracked spent fuel pools,[iii] with subsequent episodes of increased atmospheric levels of emissions in November and December of 2011, April of 2012, and September of 2012, after which the researchers discontinued sampling.[iv]

In north east Honshu, property owned by generations of families in Fukushima prefecture was devalued or made uninhabitable by the Fukushima nuclear disaster. As of December 21, 2014, six municipalities near the Daiichi site remain closed because of radiation contamination and more than 120,000 people are still living in temporary shelters (More Radioactive Materials, http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/english/news/20141221_16.html).

The long term implications of the disaster are not fully understood because information about the scope of damage and contamination are still forthcoming.

Atmospheric contamination continues still with steam emissions still visible as TEPCO injects over 300 tons of fresh water daily to cool melted fuel. This feed and bleed system is contaminating atmosphere but even more importantly it is contributing to the problems of contaminated water at the site.

TEPCO has acknowledged that ground water at the site is encountering highly radioactive melted fuel and that some of that water makes it to the ocean. TEPCO claims to lack knowledge of the specific location of the melted cores – corium – but a diagram released by the Swiss Embassy depicted at least one of the cores as located in the underground river.

The “German Risk Study, Phase B” found that a core meltdown accident could result in complete failures of all structural containment, causing melted fuel to exit the reactor foundation within five days (cited in Bayer, Tromm, & Al-Omari 1989). Moreover, the study found that even in the event of an intact building foundation, passing groundwater would be in direct contact with fuel, causing leaching of fission products. Strontium leaches slower than cesium.

A follow-up German study, “Dispersion of Radionuclides and Radiation Exposure after Leaching by Groundwater of a Solidified Core-Concrete Melt,” predicted that strontium contamination levels would rise exponentially years after a full melt-through located adjacent to a river (Bayer, Tromm, & Al-Omari, 1989).

The German study’s experimental conditions are roughly similar to Daiichi’s site conditions, including groundwater emptying into an adjacent river, whereas Daiichi is physically situated above an underground river emptying into the sea. The study predicted concentrations of Strontium-90 in river water would spike relatively suddenly, but maintain extraordinarily high levels of contamination for years: “The highest radionuclide concentration of approx. 1010 Bq/m3 is reached by Sr-90 after some 5000 days.”

It is noteworthy that TEPCO reported an exponential increase in the Strontium-90 level in ground water beginning in July 2013, with levels continuing to rise steadily through early 2015. In July 2013 water from the well between the ocean and unit 1 measuring a record 5 million Becquerels per liter of radioactive Strontium-90 alone (“Record Strontium-90 Level,” 2014). By February of 2015 TEPCO was reporting even higher levels of Strontium-90 in the same location, with the highest sample measured at 590,000,000 Bq/m3 of Strontium-90 (Fukushima Diary 590,000,000 Bq/m3 of Strontium-90 measured from groundwater of Reactor 2 seaside).

The accident at Daiichi may fit the German melt-through scenario. An exponential increase in the level of Strontium-90 contamination would invalidate models of projected ocean contamination relying on samples collected in 2011.

3. What is the current situation in the Fukushima prefecture? Some reports suggest that the radiation levels there are still high.
 
Atmospheric, ocean and ground water contamination are ongoing. The Japanese government admits that only 18% of decontamination work planned has been achieved in Itate Japan (Iwata, 2015, March 10 p. A14 in Tainted Fukushima Soil a Lingering Burden WSJ)

Ocean contamination has not ended and there is no end in sight. Strontium is among the long term risks because it is a very significant environmental hazard and bioaccumulates in bones and in the brain.


Rising rates of thyroid cancer already found in Fukushima children.By February of 2014, there were 75 confirmed or suspected thyroid cancer cases among 270,000 Fukushima Prefecture individuals screened, who were 18 or under at the time of the disaster (Nose & Oiwa, 2014). The screening committee claimed the Fukushima disaster was an unlikely cause (“Eight More,” 2014). However, the observed frequency of thyroid cancer and nodules exceeds established incident rates. For example, the prevalence of thyroid nodules in children typically ranges from 0.2-5.0 percent (Gerber & Meyers, 2013), while in Fukushima, 42 percent of 133,000 children were found to have thyroid nodules and cysts (Haworth, 2013). A study measuring thyroid exposure to Iodine-131 conducted between April 12, 2011 and April 16, 2011 and published in Research Reports found “extensive measurements of the exposure to I-131 revealing I-131 activity in the thyroid of 46 out of the 62 residents and evacuees measured” (Tokonammi, Hosoda, Akiba, Sorimachi, Kashiwakura, & Balonov, 2012).


4. Are Fukushima-like disasters still possible in Japan? And what should be done it avoid it?

Japan’s former Prime Minister, Naoto Kan (2013), described the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster as “the most severe accident in the history of mankind.” Although precipitated by natural events, the reactor explosions and subsequent crisis management were human engineered fiascos. This summary conclusion was reached by the National Japanese Diet, who declared in their 2012 official report, “The Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission” that human error was, above all else, responsible for the disaster. The report’s chairman, Kiyoshi Kurokawa, introduces findings with these words: “Our report catalogues a multitude of errors and wilful negligence that left the Fukushima plant unprepared for the events of March 2011. And it examines serious deficiencies in the response to the accident by TEPCO, regulators and the government.”

In some ways, nothing has happened to prevent future nuclear accidents. The LDP remains wedded to nuclear power and is pusing for reactor re-starts and for opening the Rokkasho nuclear reprocessing facility, which is located on a fault that may be active.[v]

The conclusion that nuclear power poses catrastrophic risks was Gorbachev noted in his Memoirs that prior to the Chernobyl disaster there had been 151 significant radiation leaks at nuclear power plants around the world.[vi] He warned that one or two more accidents would produce contamination far worse than after a nuclear war.[vii] Russia and parts of Europe remain contaminated from that disaster, with parts of the Bryansk Region of Russia with median radiation levels of Cesium-137 two orders of magnitude higher than current levels of deposition from nuclear weapons fallout.[viii] Chernobyl, Gorbachev wrote, “was a bell calling mankind to understand what kind of age we live in. It made people recognize the danger of careless or even criminal negligent attitudes toward the environment.”[ix]

Nuclear Power is Not Safe and is Truly the Path Toward Our Extinction.

Recommended:

Fukushima from Causing the Ultimate Global Catastrophe http://solartopia.org/mitsuhei-murata-to-prevent-fukushima-from-causing-the-ultimate-global-catastrophe/


References

[i] Masson, O. et al (2011) Tracking of Airborne Radionuclides from the Damaged Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Reactors by European Networks. Environ. Sci. Technol, 45 (18), 7670−7677. http://nadp.isws.illinois.edu/dl/dgay/Radiation%20Papers/Masson%20et%20al%20Fukashiima%202011.pdf

[ii] Sheng Xu, Stewart P. H. T. Freeman, Xiaolin Hou, Akira Watanabe, Katsuhiko Yamaguchi, and Luyuan Zhang (2013) Iodine Isotopes in Precipitation: Temporal Responses to 129I Emissions from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident. Environmental Science and Technology, 47, 10851-1085.

[iii] Nuclear Watch: New Findings on Fallout (Jan 29 2015). NHK http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/english/news/features/201501301223.html

[iv] Sheng Xu, Stewart P. H. T. Freeman, Xiaolin Hou, Akira Watanabe, Katsuhiko Yamaguchi, and Luyuan Zhang (2013) Iodine Isotopes in Precipitation: Temporal Responses to 129I Emissions from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident. Environmental Science and Technology, 47, 10851-1085

[v] “Industry Minister to Continue Nuclear Fuel Cycle Policy” (18 January 2013), The Asahi Shimbun, http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201301180037, date accessed 19 January 2013.

[vi] M. Gorbachev (1995) Memoirs (London: Doubleday), p. 191.

[vii] C. Neef (24 March 2011) “‘This Reactor Model Is No Good’ Documents Show Politburo Skepticism of Chernobyl,” Spiegel, http://www.spiegel.de/international/zeitgeist/this-reactor-model-is-no-good-documents-show-politburo-skepticism-of-chernobyl-a-752696.html

[viii] V. Ramzaev, H. Yonehara, R. Hille, A. Barkovsky, A. Mishine, S. Sahoo, K. Kurotaki, and M. Uchiyama (2006) “Gamma-Dose Rates from Terrestrial and Chernobyl Inside and Outside Settlements in the Bryansk Region, Russia in 1996–2003,” Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 85, 205–227, 217.

[ix] Gorbachev, Memoirs, p. 193.

4 comments:

  1. This is one of the best articles I've ever read on Fukishima. Indeed, nuclear power plants can, and probably are, causing more damage than a nuclear war would.

    ReplyDelete
  2. NUCLEAR.NEWS
    https://www.nuclear.news/#


    FROM THE SAME COUNTERINTELLIGENCE PAGE RUN BY THE STOCK AND THE ECUADORAN FACIST Mike THAT ADVOCATES GROUTING HANFORD
    Grouting Hanford means MIXING CONCRETE AND GROUT, WITH HIGH LEVEL NUCLEAR. They then call it MEDIUM LEVEL AND LOW LEVEL NUCLEAR WASTE which is a million to a thousand times more toxic.
    ALL  nuclear waste are EXTINCTION causing  Radionuclides.  TRUMP AND HIS REMAINING MINIONS UNDER BIDEN want it this way because they are death cultist nuceolapes and mureders. They murdered 5 people in murderous seditious, failed coup of Syphilitic Moron racist, Donald Duck Trump.

    They murdered two innocents At Kenosha . You saw them murder two innocents in Kenosha with Donald trumps approval and Alex Jones hiring the 17 yo murderer. They  applauded and egged on the murder of hundreds of school children, by white racist murderers. They applauded the murder at charlotesville.

    *White supremacist convicted of murder in Charlottesville attack gets life in prison | Fox News
    https://www.foxnews.com/us/white-supremacist-convicted-of-murder-in-charlottesville-attack-gets-life-in-prison
    With Donald trump encouraging it.

    The 9 minute sadistic, murder of George floyd on the national TV. The racist murder of hundreds of millions  in death camps and world war 2, by Adolf Hitler and the NAZIs. The black-church mass murders. The american cop racist-bigoted mass-mureders and police murders. trump, the stock, the repuklicans, Abe, the Fukushima deniers, the american nucleoapes and the nucleopapes wallow in the blood of those murders.

    *The bolovian coup for lithium and uranium in Bolivia by elon musk and Peter thiel.

    https://youtu.be/eF0cz9OmCGw

    Peter Thiel the PayPal extortionist, billionaire who stole millions from PayPal victims refused repay them with fake netcards, and started a Republican vote repression company.

    All their millions and billions are built on the ill goten gains and, nuclear warfare, bombs of the mics and generals, wal street and nuclear bombs, nuclear waste of the nucleoapes and nihilist greed-gulpers of the death cult, of MLB, trump, netantayahu, the repuklicans and the filthy death cults.

    The LDP of Japan and the UK. boris Johnson. The french.

    Millions of chinese rebeled against and PLUTONIUM recycling  plants and nuclear reactors by their cities in china. The chinese have only 280 non-tactical nuclear bombs.

    Americans have more than 8000 nuclear missiles, tactical nuclear missiles, hypersonic nuclear waepons, and new ICBMs. Ameica has  Space war programmes with 30 nuclear reactors encircling the world in orbit. 94 nuclear reactors ready to blow.
    They set more than a thousand nuclear bombs off on their own people and the people of the world!



    Billions of dollars on bill gates chuckenshit small, sodium cooled- reactors that are bound to make billions of tons more of extinction causing nuclear waste.

    Trillions spent on ensured extinction, sadistic disability and in america while half of america and more dies in the street of starvations, disabiling mutations and poverty.

    Americans have dispossessed, imprisioned, and murdered antunuclear activists, like Karen Silkwood,  for75 years. Merica nuclear bombled. Japan and put japanese americans in concentration camps, only to be released by Quaker progressives.   GE and merica built the three nuclear plants in fukushima that blewup and exploded after the 9.0.Fukushima eathquake and tsunami and tidal wave.

    The american catholic nuns in prison at 80. I have been jailed twice for protesting nuclear in america.
    The Kochs. Bill Gates. The nuclearist Michael moore. Putin. Art robinson. The generals. Wal street. Ron Paul, the racist devils that worship the nuclear death cult, the Ayn Rand neoliberal  fascists that continue the death cults and death squads in south america, central america , Africa, the middle east.
    Their weath is  built on the bones and blood of hunreds of millions of innocents . On all life on earth.

    ReplyDelete
  3. NUCLEAR.NEWS Headlines

    1. BACK TO THE TABLE: Iran expects US return to Obama nuclear deal under Biden
    Translation
    THEYARE HELLBENT ON USING TACTICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN IRAN AND STARTING AN APOCOLYPTIC NUCLEAR WAR. they are greed guts that want to fuck over the world at any cost
    like Mass Murderer Stephen Paddock. Their appetite for blood andbscrewing over the world is insatiable

    2. Energy Department to send helicopters in Washington to scan for radiation spikes until inauguration day

    that's right stock because of yur neonazi buddies at atomwaffen u liar


    3. Pentagon warns: China will double the size of its nuclear arsenal in the next decade

    Righto again fascist nucleoapes because u pushed trump to build new ICBMs, hypersonic nuclear misilles, break most nuclear treaties and expand the nuclear arsenal

    4. Military could benefit from portable, truck-sized nuclear reactors

    Righto nucleoape fascists Mike and Stock because u are nucleopare fascist more radionucleides to destroy all life on earth. You do not give a darned about anything, much less Fukushima. U have said that racist Japanese fascists like Abe and the LDP have the perfect nucleoape, nationalist-homogenous capitalist government. Double think Nazi racist devils, bigots and Christian racists.

    https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/11/08/30-years-ago-american-nun-dianna-ortiz-was-kidnapped-and-tortured-in-guatemala-shes-still-waiting-for-truth-justice/


    5. Free of human interference, wildlife thrives in Chernobyl Exclusion Zone
    https://www.nuclear.news/2020-05-13-wildlife-thrives-in-chernobyl-exclusion-zone.html

    You are such liars and greedy and liars and murderers and hippocrits that you push humans andlife on earth can survive space-nuclear wars, nuclear wars and nuclear catastrophes



    Most astronauts get cancer from prolonged gamma and cosmic irradiation in space. Cosmic rays are so powerful, it would take a 100 foot thick hull, to block them.
    There are dozen of stories of Astronauts with deformed hearts and eyes, from prolonged gravity deprivation.

    Premature dementia and thyroid problems from excessive radiation exposure are significant among astronauts. 

    What a friking joke space travel and Mars coloniztion are. The shear amount of atmospheric pollution from all the poisonous  rocket rocket launches,  needed to build space platforms for interplanetary space travel is enough kill everyone. The amount of rocket fuel w uranium and berylium catalysts in it to get major stations up is poisoning the atmosphere already. 
    There are 30 abandoned plutonium nuclear reactors in space waiting to crash down. Put into orbit in th.1960s.

    We know what reactors in space will do to astronauts w the cosmic rays making it worse. It is like all the saillers in nuclear subs, sueing the govt for premature cancer in radionuclide leaking subs with shuttle.little embrittle reactor heads and coolant systems.

    There is the necessity for completely selfcontained oxygen rich air. Self contained recycled. water and and waste for months or years. What a goddamned joke

    NASA Wants to Set a New Radiation Limit for Astronauts | WIRED
    https://www.wired.com/story/nasa-wants-to-set-a-new-radiation-limit-for-astronauts/

    It looks great in sci fi.books its all really science fantasy


    X-rays ravaged Thomas Edison's assistant's hands and killed him
    X-rays ravaged Thomas Edison's assistant's hands and killed him https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-7180945/X-rays-ravaged-Thomas-Edisons-assistants-hands-killed-him.html?ito=native_share_article-masthead

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thank you for this great service.

    ReplyDelete